Want to know what can vitamins and minerals do to our body? Vitamins and minerals are actually micronutrients and form the basic component of enzymes vital for all our bodily functions. They are needed in relatively small amounts and will function as coenzymes in our body.
Do they have other functions? Yes, for example:
- Vitamin E often acts as an antioxidant;
- Calcium, magnesium and phosphorus form our bones; and
- Vitamin D regulates the absorption and uses calcium and phosphorus to aid the formation of normal bones and teeth.
As to vitamins, they can be either water-soluble or fat-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins, such as the B vitamins and vitamin C are utilized by our body once they are absorbed and they need to be replenished regularly. On the other hand, fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamins A, D, E and K can stay in our body for a much longer period of time.
Likewise, minerals can be classified into two groups, i.e. bulk minerals and trace minerals. The difference between them is that bulk minerals such as calcium, magnesium and phosphorus are needed in larger amounts while trace minerals are stored primarily in bone and muscle tissue. Trace minerals include zinc, iron, copper, manganese, chromium, selenium, iodine and potassium.
Think you will agree with me better not to take lightly the health impact that vitamins and minerals can do to our body, right?
Tan Kok Hui
Nutrition Made Simple, Life Made Rich