As per reports published in the journal called JAMA Ophthalmology, one out of every five adult faces the ailment called diabetes, which also bring in a couple of diabetes related issues like diabetic retinopathy that can cause blindness. The researchers claim that these results showcase the urge for screening and intervention that helps in protecting the vision. The American Diabetes Association simply recommends that people facing the problem of diabetes visit an eye doctor for exams on a yearly basis. One of the best was to check for the diabetes effects over the eye is dilated eye exam claims the experts from University of Texas Health Sciences Center in San Antonio. The diabetes can be called as micro vascular disease, which hampers the small blood vessels including the eye. Now, let us check the diabetes eye health glossary as under:
The eye doctors are of different types, which are discussed as under:
- Ophthalmologist: These eye professionals are known to earn the degree of D or the degree of osteopathy. These eye care professionals can help in carrying out a number of things including eye exam, prescribe a number of corrective lenses and proper medicines, carrying out diagnosis about eye conditions and even can carry surgeries.
- Optician: These eye care professionals are technical specialists who are known to adjust lenses and ee glasses which are known to correct the vision.
- Optometrist: This eye expert is known to have the degree of doctor of optometry. They are known to examine your eyes, offer vision correction solutions and refer a couple of medications in order to treat a number of eye disorders.
Symptoms of Eye Problems
There are several symptoms pertaining to eye problems, the following are the couple of them:
- Blindness: It is often defined like a visual acuity of 20/200 or more worse in terms of having better vision. As per reports, the US adults with blindness often lead to diabetic retinopathy more than any other cause.
- Blurring: The vision, which is foggily obscured or lack in terms of details that are linked with around 20 different eye conditions, which include diabetic retinopathy, eye injury, cataract, glaucoma, eye infections, macular degeneration, etc.
- Double vision: Medically called as diplopia carrying double vision, which often means that you see two different images of one object even though the eyes that carry out together in order to find any one image. Diplopia can develop the blood flow to any specific cranial nerve that get interrupted, which can come along with diabetes.
- Floaters: This symptoms deal in terms of dots, strings, spots, clouds and specks, which simply is visible over the vision. They may be visible before the front of you, but these are of small size, which usually made up of material like tissue or blood moving the eye. These can result in issues like injury, surgery, swelling or tissue detaching seen over the eye.
- Vision Loss: The vision loss that is unable to get fixed even with the glasses or contact lenses for correcting the vision, you can still have issues like colors, words, signs and other problems. The vision loss can come along with a number of issues like diabetic retinopathy. The other causes to the same include structural changes, cataracts, injury, infection and macular edema.
The following are the eye conditions, which are indicated as under:
- Cataract: It is nothing but a clouding of the lens in one or both eyes. It can boost up the risk for developing the issue of cataract by around 60 percent.
- Diabetic retinopathy: This is one of the damage to blood vessels found in the eyes and its organ like retina over the eye that is caused due to diabetes. There are two kinds of proliferative and non proliferative. The retina damage can lead to issues to vision loss, flashes, blindness and blurred vision.
- Retinal detachment: When you find certain portion of the retina separating from back of the eye, it is known as retinal detachment. The vitreous movement from the retina can cause this problem as the eye injury, eye surgery and nearsightedness.
- Macular ischemia: This can be called as the closing of small blood vessels that slash down the blood flow from the macula, which can blur the vision.
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